ETF Index Investing Course
9. Which Discount Broker to Choose?
Questrade updated their site but the sign-up bonus still works. With the new design, what you have to do is:
2. Click on the account that you wish open.
3. Upon clicking, a new section will open on the right which has the offer code filled in. Just click "apply".
4. Agree to their terms, and click "Open Now"
Below is an image to help too. It's a good deal, but they did change their referral program recently where now the bonus that you get is a $50 rebate in trade commissions. Thanks as well for using my referral link!
Extra Bonus: Also, just an FYI that I also use the firstname.lastname@example.org email to give listeners a bonus guide on the top ETFs in Canada when they sign up to the bank that I use which is EQ Bank. So when you send me any confirmation from Questrade for the extra bonuses to this email, you'll also get an automated email where you'll receive that ETF guide for free. It gives you some good additional detail which I think you'll enjoy.
Here are the steps:
Scroll down to ask your question(s) in the comments, and to see the answers to questions from others in the course.
Jacqueline HazelaarApril 18, 2021
I want to move my TFSA to a new brokerage account. When I try to do this it has a warning that I may be charged DSC fees – what are these and can I find out how much these are before actually doing this?
Also, it says they recommend liquidating my own holdings after submitting the transfer to avoid trading fees. What do they mean by this?
Thanks so much for your help!
By Kornel SzrejberApril 21, 2021
If you currently own things like mutual funds or segregated funds that you bought from a financial advisor or an insurance agent, then you may be locked-in to those investments, and if you want to get out, you have to pay them the DSCs (deferred sales charges) that they had in the agreement when you bought the investments through them.
These can sometimes be very well hidden and so many people may be subject to them, without even knowing about them. The amounts can be thousands of dollars so you definitely want to know about this and it’s worth your time to inquire about it.
If you did buy your investments through an actual person (like a financial advisor at a bank for example) instead of doing it yourself, then the next course of action for you is to reach out to them and ask them if any DSCs will apply to you if you liquidate those investments, and transfer them over to a discount brokerage like Questrade. Ask them to calculate what those DSCs will be (the amounts can vary from product to product, so you need to ask them yourself and they’ll calculate it for you).
I get questions about switching brokerages a lot, so I created a guide on how to do this, and it talks about DSCs as well. Definitely give it a read before you do it, and let me know if you have any questions. Here’s the guide:
Regarding the 2nd part of your question, I’m actually not sure what they mean. If you are holding ETFs or stocks in there already, you can just transfer them right over “in-kind”. This way there are no trading fees as you never actually sold anything (just transferred). I suggest you ask Questrade this 2nd question directly (using their online chat after you login). If you’re having trouble, let me know and I’ll reach out to them using my own account.
IanFebruary 22, 2021
Hello again, Kornel!
Curious as to your thoughts on WealthSimple?
By Kornel SzrejberMarch 1, 2021
Regarding Wealthsimple’s trading platform:
Using their platform to buy ETFs seems like a viable option from what I’ve seen and experimented with so far. Their platform hasn’t been around as long as Questrade, and so you can expect it to not have all the functionality that Questrade provides. I was considering switching to them at one point for my ETFs, but since I can buy ETFs for free using Questrade too, saving a few bucks when I sell wasn’t a big enough reason to move all the investments over.
Also, Questrade has been around for many years specializing in this area whereas Wealthsimple is new to the game. I prefer an established player in the space being my broker since that’s where I keep my entire portfolio.
Regarding using Wealthsimple as a robo advisor service: I definitely prefer buying my own ETFs as it’s easy to do and will save you a lot of money long term due to the lower MER fees, and due to the enhanced tax efficiency that you get by buying individual ETFs.
I did a whole presentation on this (robo advisor vs individual ETFs vs asset-allocation ETFs) which you can check out in the course here (it’s the 2nd video on that page so scroll down):
Let me know if you have any follow up questions and I’ll be happy to help 🙂
GeorgeMay 5, 2020
I am curious to your thoughts on Interactive Brokers. I notice alot of day traders use them for options and such. Their fees apparently are lower for stock investing. I am looking to also have a dividend investing portfolio as well and don’t know if I should do it all on QS or open another IB account. It’s a bit overwhelming for a newbie like me.
Do you think IB is a good place to buy ETFs?
Is it better to buy ETFs on Questrade and stocks on IB?
Thanks so much,
By Kornel SzrejberMay 7, 2020
Hi George. I only use Questrade because of the free ETF buying but I took a look at Interactive Brokers (IB) for you. If you are buying individual stocks, IB does look less expensive based on their current pricing (May 2020). If you are going to be buying lots of individual stocks and buying every month for example using a portion of your paycheque, then I can see that being a good option to save some money. It really depends on how much individual stock trading you are actually doing. If you’re doing ETFs, then I would still use Questrade as it’s hard to beat the price when it’s free.
FYI: When you sell via Questrade you have to pay commissions on ETFs, so the “free” is only when you buy. Still, we are currently living off our investments so I do actually sell my ETFs periodically to live from, and it’s really not that big of a deal to pay $5-10 to sell an ETF that is overweight. So for example, let’s say the Canadian index is overweight (based on our desired asset allocation) and we need some spending money. I’ll sell the right portion of it which brings us back to the correct allocation and it gives us the cash to spend. So by doing things this way, it’s not like you have to do 4 trades for example (and pay $20-$40) when selling to take money out. Just the ~$10 or so to sell to do 1 or 2 trades.
One thing to be mindful of when deciding is the minimum balances or trades that are needed so that the broker doesn’t charge you some inactivity fee. I don’t know what that is for IB (but it does exist) so I suggest checking their site to get the most up to date information on this. For your reference, with Questrade, you basically need $1,000 across your accounts. So basically transfer $1,000 after opening an account and you’re done. You don’t even have to invest all that money immediately. Here are the details on their site:
For anybody reading this in the future: If the link stops working just let me know and I’ll find you the new one with the latest details.
The other thing to keep in mind is that the more brokers you deal with, the more of a pain it is to get a holistic view of all your investments. You’ll have to log in into your account and your spouse’s account across the different brokers just to see everything. It’s not fun putting all that in a spreadsheet if you want to do some of your own analysis and see the reporting. So keep that in mind too as maybe you save $20 every quarter for example by having things split across different brokers, but is that worth the hassle for you? What is your time worth? Just something to think about and consider before making a decision.
Does that help?
GeorgeMay 8, 2020
I just want to say that I am extremely grateful for your course. It’s really been a catalyst in helping me get started investing. Thanks so much for clearing things up. I think I’ll just stick with QS for now.
I was wondering what your thoughts are on dividend investing via bank stocks such as BNS, TD, RY, etc. They seem to give really high dividend yields, and on top of that have good growth over the long term. Do you have some stocks as well or are your investments heavily leaning towards broad market ETFs?
Also, I tried buying some ETFs and stocks the other day and I put in a limit for the bid price of the stocks, it took hours to go through. In the mean time, the price fluctuated up and down a-lot. It makes no sense that if the price is lower than my limit, shouldn’t it just go through?
The same thing happened the day after on another order so I just modified it to pay market and the price I ended up paying was 2 dollars higher per share. I was just wondering why the price I paid is higher than the official ask price? Is it just a time delay issue?
Thanks so much!
By Kornel SzrejberMay 12, 2020
To answer your question: You need to be careful about investing in individual bank stocks AND buying the Canadian index (S&P/TSX) via something like the XIC ETF. The reason for this is that the Canadian index is already overweight on the financial industry. Canada as a whole isn’t very well diversified by industry (unlike the US). Therefore, if you start buying individual Canadian bank stocks and the Canadian broad market index (S&P/TSX) you are going to be even more overweight in financials. You’ll have to decide in that case whether you are going to trim your Canadian S&P/TSX exposure since you’re buying bank stocks too, in order to not be massively overweight in financials (which would mean that you’re not as well diversified by industry and therefore taking on extra risk).
Part 2 of your question: I’m a 100% broad market index investor. I love not having to read the financial statements and annual reports of individual companies and doing all that research and keeping up to date on them. It’s a lot of work and I personally don’t find that part of investing fun. Hence me being a 100% index investor due to how passive it is.
Part 3 of your question: To help mitigate such major fluctuations, try to do your trades around lunch/late morning/early afternoon if possible as opposed to close to when the markets first open and close. During those times when markets just opened/closed, you can see a lot more volatility like this which as you’ve experienced, can cause some issues/inconveniences. FYI: Markets for us Canadians open at 9:30 AM EST and close at 4:30 PM EST, Monday to Friday. They are not open on weekends.
The reason that your trade didn’t go through even though you put in a higher amount than the “ask” price you saw, is that the price numbers that you see are delayed by 15 minutes or so. There is an option to get live numbers that are fully up to date, but that is a service used more by day traders and it is a paid service that you have to sign up for through one of the different providers out there. In my opinion, it’s not worth paying it as an index investor.
Does that help?
MarshallSeptember 15, 2016
Question. RE: The transaction fee’s. You mentioned that you don’t pay a transaction fee when you buy, but you will have to pay when you sell. Since we are buying and holding, just like I am planning to do myself, what happens if the fee’s are much greater at the time of sale?
Depending on where us Canadians invest our money, for example in our RRSP, and it comes time for retirement where we are now in our redemption phase, we would have to not only pay tax but we would be paying the transaction fee as well. Now, I understand that in the grand scheme of things the fee at which we will pay in our retirement for redeeming is MUCH less than what we would have paid compared to MF’s of course. However, who can really predict the cost of the transaction charge at the time of our withdrawal? What if they are significantly higher?
By Kornel SzrejberSeptember 22, 2016
Good question Marshall. The transaction fee to sell that is charged by the discount brokerage is not something that I would be concerned about for 2 reasons:
1. Since the cost per trade fee is a highly competitive market, the brokerage will basically align their pricing to be comparable to all the other brokerages out there. All discount brokerages pretty much charge this fee and they often use this fee to entice people to switch to them (i.e. Saying how low their fees are). Therefore, it’s very unlikely that you’ll have your discount brokerage charging a fee that is significantly higher than all the other ones.
2. If they increase the fee too much in the future, you can always move your money to another brokerage with a lower fee so it’s not like you are locked into that brokerage for life. Alternatively, you can always call the existing brokerage and threaten to quit. If your portfolio is large enough and if you make frequent enough trades, I wouldn’t be surprised if they give you a deal or discount to get you to stay (i.e. Typical client retention tactics).
I hope that helps. 🙂